Diabetes and Pregnancy
Diabetes is the most common medical complication during pregnancy.
There are a few potentially negative health risks to the baby when the mother has diabetes.
Macrosomia is a condition in which your baby grows too large due to excess insulin crossing the placenta. A large baby can make vaginal delivery difficult and increase the risk of injury to the baby during the birth process.
Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, can develop shortly after birth due to high insulin levels. Controlling your own blood sugar can help to lower the risks of hypoglycemia for your baby.
Jaundice is a yellowish discoloration of the skin and eyes and can sometimes be attributed to diabetes while pregnant. Your pediatric care provider will assist you with a plan to alleviate this condition for your newborn.
Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels are too low. When blood glucose levels are low, your body cannot get the energy it needs.
Hypoglycemia can be triggered by:
- Skipping or delaying meals
- Eating portions that are too small
- Overexerting yourself physically
Hyperglycemia is when your body doesn’t have enough insulin or can’t use insulin correctly.
Hyperglycemia can be triggered by:
- Improper balance in your food consumption
- Problems with the amount of insulin you are taking
- Lack of physical movement
Thousands of women each year are able to navigate diabetes in pregnancy with favorable results. Remember to manage your glucose levels, prioritize proper nutrition and exercise, and stay connected to your health care team. Medically managing your diabetes is key for your health and the success of future pregnancies.