High BP and pregnancy
High Blood pressure is a serious concern for some pregnant women. High blood pressure during pregnancy isn’t always dangerous. But it can sometimes cause severe health complications for both mother and developing baby.
There are several possible causes of high blood pressure during pregnancy.
- being overweight or obese
- failing to stay active
- drinking alcohol
- first-time pregnancy
- a family history of pregnancy-related hypertension
- carrying more than one child
- age (over 40)
- assistive technology (such as IVF)
Women who had high blood pressure before pregnancy are at higher risk for related complications during pregnancy than those with normal blood pressure.
High blood pressure during pregnancy can also have an effect on the baby’s growth rate. This can result in low birth weight.
Other complications include:
- a) placental abruption, a medical emergency during which the placenta detaches from the uterus prematurely
- b) preterm delivery, defined as delivery prior to 38 weeks of pregnancy
- c) caesarean delivery
High blood pressure during pregnancy doesn’t usually lead to serious problems. However, if it goes untreated, hypertension can become life-threatening for both mother and baby.