In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
The process of manually combining an obtained sperm and extracted egg to form an embryo(s) in a lab, for fertilization is called as Assisted Reproductive Technology, more commonly known as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), which is then transferred to uterus.
Depending on the number of eggs collected and the mothers age, the number of embryos to be implanted in uterus is decided. The number of embryos implanted is directly proportional to the age group of the mother, i.e., younger the mother, lesser the number of implantation. On the other hand, older the mother, more implantation could lead to multiple pregnancy, so the couple can talk to the counsellor on raising more number of children.
Other forms of ART are Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT) & Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer (ZIFT).
When is IVF opted?
IVF is used to treat infertility in the following patients-
- Blocked/Damaged Fallopian tube
- Decreased Sperm Count
- Ovulation disorders
- Premature Ovarian Failure
- Uterine Fibroids
- Removed Fallopian Tubes
- Genetic disorders
- Unexplained Infertility
Side effects after IVF:
Many women complained nothing, though you may have to feel comfortable all by yourself. And continue with your daily chores the next day.
Some side effects may include-
Passage of small amount of clear or slight bloody fluid post the procedure.
Slight cramps and bloating
- Tenderness in the breast
Rush to your doctor if you observe any of the following symptoms-
- Heavy Vaginal bleeding
- Pelvic pain
- Blood tinged urine
- Fever over 100.5°F
Fertility medications may include the following side effects-
- Head aches
- Mood swings
- Abdominal pain/bloating
- Hot flashes
Like other medical procedures, IVF has potential risks involved too.
Get in touch with your doctor if you experience any of the following
Specifically from Ovarian Hyper Stimulation Syndrome (OHSS)-
- Less visits to urinals
- Short of breath
- Severe stomach ache
- Drastic weight gain in 3-5 days
Further risks involved are-
- Other than bleeding and infection, bowel and bladder could be damaged while extracting eggs.
- A chance of multiple pregnancy is included in IVF followed by premature and low weight birth.
- Rates of miscarriages are similar to unassisted pregnancy. This risk increases with the age of the mother.
- Risk of ectopic pregnancy in IVF is 2-5%
Psychological pressure and Emotional back drops are common in case of failed IVF.
Also number of births are not same as number of pregnancy.
Success rates of IVF depends on several factors like pregnancy history, maternal age, reason for infertility and lifestyle.