Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
IUI is a fertility treatment where the sperm is placed in the uterus for fertilization. The sol purpose of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reaches the egg and thus increase the chance of fertilization.
This process gives a headstart to the sperm but it still demands the sperm to reach and fertilise an egg. This is an inexpensive method to treat infertility compared to IVF.
When to opt for IUI?
Commonly IUI is opted when the sperm count is low and decreased sperm mobility.
However, it is also selected to treat infertility in the following conditions-
- Unexplained Infertility
- Cervical mucus problems
- Cervical scar tissue caused in the history during procedures which blocks the mobility of sperm towards uterus.
- Ejaculation dysfunction
The procedure : Before IUI, ovulation stimulating medicines shall be given to monitor the surge in LH hormone that notifies the ovulation period. Post 24 – 36 hours of the ovulation, IUI is performed.
The collected Semen is washed in the laboratory and separated from the seminal fluids and it is placed in the uterus using a catheter. This increases the number and quality of sperm in the uterus and thus increasing the chance of conceiving.
Thus only risk involved in IUI being getting pregnant with multiples and a minor chance of infection.
IUI takes only a few minutes involving least discomfort and then the patient needs to look for symptoms of pregnancy.
The success rate of IUI depends on various factors like women’s age, reason of infertility and the medication used to treat infertility in the past.
IUI performed each month may give 20% higher chance of conceiving per cycle.
As you see IUI is less invasive and inexpensive as compared to IVF, the success rate is lower too in comparison to IVF.
Women who have had severe fallopian tube disease, history of pelvic infection and moderate to severe endometriosis are hughly not recommended to go for IUI.